Using the proposal, how does growing up as an adolescent in a violent environment make you become cruel to animals? Identify and discuss how phenomenology would be applicable to your research



Ideally, one assumption can be that, upon growing up as an adolescent in a violent environment can possibly make me cruel to animals because of the fact that, the environment I’m a part is a violent environment and that experience can be the best teacher for me, adopting negative ways, and bad habits leading myself into doing cruel things to animals. But not all cases are with sane reason, it depends on how experience contribute to the situation, another it can be that the person was being bitten by animal when he was still a child for example, bitten by a dog have resulted cruelty to animals as one visible attitude of the person. Then, some are linked to research and its underlying processes. Moreover, the essence of phenomenology strikes into the situation as there integrate actual experience of the individual, recognizing how he interacts to the things around him and how these things have responded and vice versa. There is phenomenological influence, having an opinion that certain phenomenological perspective can provide adequate frame of reference. Aside, cruelty comes in as a result of experimental domain, and using animals as a subject of the study. The applicability of phenomenology into research are known accordingly in lieu to research approach and principles as there should be understood that diverse matter of looking the research matter and methods from determining that such scientific criteria are not needed and may assume communication issues to the behavior complex of the person. Furthermore, phenomenology speaks from within the perspective of one’s own composition, the description of problems are being indicated and there attempt of doing research on such phenomena basis. There is possibility to conduct clear experimentation into the framework of phenomenological research even though the execution of rigor will have to be examined. Research applicability of phenomenology are with specific challenge, allowing in articulating certain praxis of phenomenological study, being able to conceive innovative processes upon achieving the phenomena, from within theory centered obligation. Positivism towards research is achievable through applying phenomenology  as there grows from natural science and technology, the awareness of research matter is present in distinct and enough ways. There will be recognition of the universal description role within research grounds into transcending phenomenological time and that design are useful to have clear picture of the situation in research.


Visit a web site and, using readings under-mentioned, construct a brief analysis of what you find. Your tasks are to identify websites containing phenomenological themes. Look for patterns or words that repeat as well. Try to ascertain what the content of the web site tells us about the subject or people involved in the construction of these sites



From the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy site, phenomenology is comprehensively discussed and analysed as there astounds to the central structure of an experience is its intentionality as by the virtue of its content or meaning, the word phenomena is used many times also indicated in some other sites of similar themes. As well as the word ‘experience’, denoting that phenomenology study are formed into the conscious perceptions. The known fact of discipline is visible from within the contemporary purview as the structure of these forms of experience have the directedness of experience toward things in the world, the property of consciousness that it is consciousness of or about something. ‘Phenomenology then leads into analyses of conditions of the possibility of intentionality, conditions involving motor skills and habits, background social practices, and often language, with its special place in human affairs’. There is about epistemology as phenomenology claims to achieve knowledge about the nature of consciousness, by means of intuition. There is about logic as there explicates the intentional or semantic force of ideal meanings, and propositional meanings are central to logical theory. Another, ontology leading into the mind and body problem as well as ethics from within ethical processes, the above discussions will help the researcher form a better organization and structure of his research study complete with empirical grounds and assimilation. Therefore, how a person understand certain theory, for instance the mind theory can be essential to the level of intentionality, semantics of thought and experience forming the very heart of phenomenology.



Smith, David Woodruff (2008),  ‘Phenomenology’. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy


There can be other website pointing towards themes about phenomenology, it can be noted that, “phenomenology and research methodology for information behaviour research” as noted by Professor Wilson, TD from the works of  Schutz, Alfred. There explores about phenomenological sociology. There has been general assumption towards methods principles as there will be about research from discussions and analyses as being posted and the methods were being discussed from the foundation of knowledge. The most repeated words can deal with ‘phenomenology’ and the most repeated pattern can pertain to ‘phenomenological research’ , as there aims to experience consciousness upon seeking to understand how persons construct meaning and there is intersubjectivity notions. The content of the web site are telling the researcher about existence from where it can point out that several emphasis is on understanding person’s experience from within problematic situation. Daniels (2000), asserted that, “the people in question tell their own story, in their own terms. So “fidelity to the phenomenon as it is lived” means apprehending and understanding it in the lived context of the person living through the situation”. Thus, when speaking to phenomenology, methods are widely used, and put into consideration as Creswell (2006), have implied to the inquiry of research method as known. Thus, the website have discussed about interpreting methods as realized into the research process, the need to recognize ideal types of phenomenological research from analyzing questions to guide research mode.


Daniels, V. (2002), Lecture on phenomenology. Rhonert Park, CA: Sonoma State University, available at: <> [Accessed 28th December 2001]



Professor Wilson, TD (2002), Alfred Schutz, phenomenology and research methodology for information behaviour research

There is understanding of narrative accounts and qualitative interview methods as appropriate to phenomenological data. Indeed, qualitative inquiry and analysis are found like, upon using the SPSS tool. Phenomenology demand certain nature of human experience and the meaning that people attach to experiences. The qualitative methods are determined as there agreed notion of phenomenology creation as used to guide researchers in having appropriate choice of methods in research. For Creswell (2006, in chapters 4, 5 and 9), there is about phenomenon, there focus on narrative research, linking to the human experience noting how and why it has been. The websites with phenomenological themes do provide researchers a useful insight towards the importance of experience recognition and acceptance and that consciousness transforms a better method for research through phenomenological standpoints respectively.  



Creswell, J. (2006), In Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five approaches. Sage, Thousand Oaks, CA Sage Publications, Inc; 2nd edition (December 20, 2006) Chapters 4, 5, 9


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