The proposed title for the study is STRATEGIES USED BY PRINCIPALS IN MANAGING CULTURAL DIVERSITY IN SCHOOLS. This paper will show the different methodologies, approaches and instruments to be used in order to achieve the goals and objectives of the future study.
Background of the Study/Literature Review
There is no doubt that globalization had affected each and every industry and sector in the world. Currently, you will observe an office or classroom full of varied cultures and nationalities. Diversity in classroom means that the students come from a wide range of cultural backgrounds, may speak a first language other than English, and may have a variety of learning abilities and learning styles (Firtzhugh cited in Ryan and Cooper, 2008).
It is important to take note that cultural diversity inside the classroom is vitally significant, because it enables the students to have an open mind towards different experience. Students will be able to improve their experience inside the classroom because of variety of cultures surrounding them. This is because it can help them to learn about the different cultures, which help them, not only to be informed about their differences in terms of beliefs and notions, but it will also help them in their future experiences and encounters of other cultures, thus the bottom line, is they will be able to learn to respect.
However, it offers different risks and problems for the teachers or instructors, because different cultures will automatically means different types of learning, which will challenge the curriculum.
Aims and Objectives
The main aim of the study is to evaluate the strategies that are used by the principals in order to manage cultural diversity in schools. In line with this the following are the specific objectives of the study:
· to analyze the common impact of cultural diversity in schools;
· to evaluate the influence of cultural diversity if not properly managed inside the school; and
· to assess the advantages and disadvantages of strategies being used by principals in order to manage cultural diversity in schools.
The research study to be used in the proposed study will be descriptive method. According to Creswell (1994) it intends to present facts about the nature and status of a situation as it exists at the time of the study. In addition, it also concerns with the relationships and practices that exist, beliefs and processes that are ongoing, effects that are being felt or trends that are developing (Best 1970). Therefore, it can be helpful in order to describe the current conditions and situations based on the impressions and perceptions of the respondents of the study (Creswell 1994). Both qualitative and quantitative data will be gathered for this study. This is to ensure that both non-statistical and statistical data will be used in order to support the findings and result of the study.
Surveys will be implemented in the study. Surveys are the most common form of research method for collection of primary data (Commonwealth of Learning, 2000). One of its purpose is to describe, e.g., to count the frequency of some event or to assess the distribution of some variables such as proportion of the population of different age groups, sex, religion, castes and languages, knowledge, attitude and adaption of practices about particular issues, and other information of similar nature about the population (Commonwealth of Learning, 2000).
Survey interview and questionnaire will be used in this study, which will be used in order to gather primary data. On the other hand, secondary data will be gathered from different online libraries and databases which include BMJ, EMERALD, SCIENCE DIRECT, EBSCO, QUESTIA and GOOGLE BOOK.
The target sample for the study is 50 principals in elementary and secondary level of education.
The data results of the study will be analyzed by determining their corresponding frequency, percentage and weighted mean. The following statistical formulas will be used:
1. Percentage – to determine the magnitude of the responses to the questionnaire.
% = ——– x 100 ; n – number of responses
N N – total number of respondents
2. Weighted Mean
f1x1 + f2x2 + f3x3 + f4x4 + f5x5
where: f – weight given to each response
x – number of responses
xt – total number of responses
Best, J. W. (1970). Research in Education, 2nd Ed. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall, Inc.
Commonwealth of Learning. (2000). Manual for Educational Media Researchers: Knowing your Audience. Vancouver, Canada: Commonwealth Educational Media Centre for Asia (CEMCA).
Creswell, J.W. (1994). Research design. Qualitative and quantitative approaches. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage.
Ryan, K. and Cooper, J. (2008). Those who can, teach. Cengage Learning.